Table 1

List of samples with their information and GenBank accession numbers of derived sequences used in the study

Subclade (clade)aSample codeGenBank IDEnglish nameLatin nameOrderFamilyOriginbYrPox lesion categorySource for DNA extraction
4b core protein gene sequenceDNA polymerase gene sequence
A1P1KC017960KC017850Domestic fowlGallus domesticusGalliformesPhasianidaeHungary2003CutaneousSkin lesion
A1P2KC017961KC017866Domestic turkeyMeleagris gallopavoGalliformesPhasianidaeNevada (USA)2005Cutaneous-oral mucosaTissue culture
A1P3KC017962KC017867Domestic fowlGallus domesticusGalliformesPhasianidaeHawaii (USA)1996CutaneousTissue culture
A1P4KC017963KC017883Superb parrotPolytelis swainsoniiPsittaciformesPsittacidaeChile2004CutaneousCAM
A1P5KC017964KC017851Blue-eared pheasantCrossoptilon auritumGalliformesPhasianidaeHungary2005CutaneousSkin lesion
A2P6KC017965KC017868Rock doveColumba liviaColumbiformesColumbidaeHawaii (USA)1994CutaneousSkin lesion
A2P7KC017966KC017885Rock doveColumba liviaColumbiformesColumbidaeGeorgia (USA)1995CutaneousTissue culture
A2P8KC017967KC017852Eastern imperial eagleAquila heliacaAccipitriformesAccipitridaeHungary2000CutaneousSkin lesion
A2P9KC017968KC017853Rock doveColumba liviaColumbiformesColumbidaeHungary2003CutaneousSkin lesion
A2P10KC017969KC017854Rock doveColumba liviaColumbiformesColumbidaeHungaryUnknownUnknownUnknown
A2P11KC017970KC017855Great bustardOtis tardaGruiformesOtidaeHungary2003CutaneousSkin lesion
A2P12KC017971KC017856Rock doveColumba liviaColumbiformesColumbidaeHungary2005CutaneousSkin lesion
A2P13KC017972KC017886Oriental turtle-doveStreptopelia orientalisColumbiformesColumbidaeSouth KoreaUnknownCutaneousSkin lesion
A2P14KC017973KC017887Oriental turtle-doveStreptopelia orientalisColumbiformesColumbidaeSouth KoreaUnknownCutaneousSkin lesion
A2P15KC017974KC017890Great bustardOtis tardaGruiformesOtidaeSpain2003CutaneousSkin lesion
A2P16KC017975KC017857Indian peafowlPavo cristatusGalliformesPhasianidaeHungary2003Cutaneous-oral mucosaSkin lesion
A2P17KC017976KC017891Booted eagleHieraaetus pennatusAccipitriformesAccipitridaeSpain2000CutaneousCAM
A2P18KC017977KC017892Red-legged partridgeAlectoris rufaGalliformesPhasianidaeSpain2000CutaneousSkin lesion
A2P19KC017978KC017893Red kiteMilvus milvusAccipitriformesAccipitridaeSpain2003CutaneousCAM
A2P20KC017979KC017894Booted eagleHieraaetus pennatusAccipitriformesAccipitridaeSpain2003CutaneousCAM
A2P21KC017980KC017895Red-legged partridgeAlectoris rufaGalliformesPhasianidaeSpain2002CutaneousCAM
A3P22KC017981KC017898Southern giant petrelMacronectes giganteusProcellariiformesProcellariidaeAntarctica2004Cutaneous-oral mucosaCAM
A3P23KC017982KC017899Pelagic cormorantPhalacrocorax pelagicusSuliformesPhalacrocoracidaeAlaska (USA)1989CutaneousCAM
A3P24KC017983KC017888Eurasian eagle owlBubo buboStrigiformesStrigidaeSouth KoreaUnknownCutaneousSkin lesion
A3P25KC017984KC017889Eurasian eagle owlBubo buboStrigiformesStrigidaeSouth KoreaUnknownCutaneousSkin lesion
A3P26KC017985KC017902Common murreUria aalgeCharadriiformesAlcidaeWashington (USA)1991Cutaneous-oral mucosaTissue culture
A3P27KC017986KC017904Laysan albatrossPhoebastria immutabilisProcellariiformesDiomedeidaeMidway Islands (USA)1983CutaneousCAM
A3P28KC017987KC017905Magellanic penguinSpheniscus magellanicusSphenisciformesSpheniscidaeArgentina2007CutaneousSkin lesion
A4P29KC017988KC017858Peregrine falconFalco peregrinusFalconiformesFalconidaeHungary2005CutaneousSkin lesion
A4P30KC017989KC017859Red-footed falconFalco vespertinusFalconiformesFalconidaeHungary2007CutaneousSkin lesion
A5P31KC017990KC017906Trumpeter swanCygnus buccinatorAnseriformesAnatidaeWisconsin (USA)1991CutaneousTissue culture
A5P32KC017991KC017920Mottled duckAnas fulvigulaAnseriformesAnatidaeTexas (USA)2005CutaneousSkin lesion
A5P33KC017992KC017907Blue-winged tealAnas discorsAnseriformesAnatidaeWisconsin (USA)1991CutaneousTissue culture
A5P34KC017993KC017908Redhead duckAythya americanaAnseriformesAnatidaeWisconsin (USA)1991CutaneousTissue culture
A5P35KC017994KC017924Mallard duckAnas platyrhynchosAnseriformesAnatidaeNew York (USA)1994CutaneousSkin lesion
A5P36KC017995KC017909Trumpeter swanCygnus buccinatorAnseriformesAnatidaeWisconsin (USA)1989UnknownCAM
A5P37KC017996KC017910Wood duckAix sponsaAnseriformesAnatidaeWisconsin (USA)1991CutaneousSkin lesion
A6P38KC017997KC017926Mourning doveZenaida macrouraColumbiformesColumbidaeIllinois (USA)1993CutaneousCAM
A6P39KC017998KC017928Mourning doveZenaida macrouraColumbiformesColumbidaeCalifornia (USA)1993Oral mucosaTissue culture
A6P40KC017999KC017911Mourning doveZenaida macrouraColumbiformesColumbidaeWisconsin (USA)1994CutaneousSkin lesion
A6P41KC018000KC017912Mourning doveZenaida macrouraColumbiformesColumbidaeWisconsin (USA)1987CutaneousTissue culture
A6P42KC018001KC017929Rock doveColumba liviaColumbiformesColumbidaeCalifornia (USA)1980CutaneousSkin lesion
A6P43KC018002KC017913Canada gooseBranta canadensisAnseriformesAnatidaeWisconsin (USA)1992CutaneousTissue culture
A7P44KC018003KC017932Bald eagleHaliaeetus leucocephalusAccipitriformesAccipitridaeFlorida (USA)1993CutaneousTissue culture
A7P45KC018004KC017933Bald eagleHaliaeetus leucocephalusAccipitriformesAccipitridaeFlorida (USA)1992CutaneousTissue culture
A7P46KC018005KC017935Bald eagleHaliaeetus leucocephalusAccipitriformesAccipitridaeMinnesota (USA)1993CutaneousSkin lesion
A7P47KC018006KC017914Red-tailed hawkButeo jamaicensisAccipitriformesAccipitridaeWisconsin (USA)1985CutaneousSkin lesion
A7P48KC018007KC017934Bald eagleHaliaeetus leucocephalusAccipitriformesAccipitridaeFlorida (USA)1989CutaneousTissue culture
A7P49KC018008KC017860Northern goshawkAccipiter gentilisAccipitriformesAccipitridaeHungary2003CutaneousSkin lesion
A7P50KC018009KC017861Common buzzardButeo buteoAccipitriformesAccipitridaeHungary2000CutaneousSkin lesion
A7P51KC018010KC017896Red kiteMilvus milvusAccipitriformesAccipitridaeSpain2000CutaneousSkin lesion
A7P52KC018011KC017900Bald eagleHaliaeetus leucocephalusAccipitriformesAccipitridaeAlaska (USA)1981CutaneousCAM
A7P53KC018012KC017901Bald eagleHaliaeetus leucocephalusAccipitriformesAccipitridaeAlaska (USA)1991Oral mucosaTissue culture
A7P54KC018013KC017915Mallard duckAnas platyrhynchosAnseriformesAnatidaeWisconsin (USA)1991CutaneousSkin lesion
B1P55KC018014KC017869CanarySerinus canariaPasseriformesFringillidaeHawaii (USA)1996CutaneousTissue culture
B1P56KC018015KC017870CanarySerinus canariaPasseriformesFringillidaeHawaii (USA)1996CutaneousTissue culture
B1P57KC018016KC017871CanarySerinus canariaPasseriformesFringillidaeHawaii (USA)1996CutaneousTissue culture
B1P58KC018017KC017872CanarySerinus canariaPasseriformesFringillidaeHawaii (USA)1996CutaneousTissue culture
B1P59KC018018KC017873ApapaneHimatione sanguineaPasseriformesFringillidaeHawaii (USA)1996CutaneousTissue culture
B1P60KC018019KC017874CanarySerinus canariaPasseriformesFringillidaeHawaii (USA)1996CutaneousTissue culture
B1P61KC018020KC017875ApapaneHimatione sanguineaPasseriformesFringillidaeHawaii (USA)1996CutaneousTissue culture
B1P62KC018021KC017876CanarySerinus canariaPasseriformesFringillidaeHawaii (USA)1996CutaneousTissue culture
B1P63KC018022KC017936Dark-eyed juncoJunco hyemalis hyemalisPasseriformesEmberizidaeUtah (USA)1986CutaneousCAM
B1P64KC018023KC017938House finchCarpodacus mexicanusPasseriformesFringillidaeArizona (USA)1991CutaneousTissue culture
B1P65KC018024KC017942House finchCarpodacus mexicanusPasseriformesFringillidaeOregon (USA)1995CutaneousTissue culture
B1P66KC018025KC017939House finchCarpodacus mexicanusPasseriformesFringillidaeArizona (USA)1996CutaneousTissue culture
B1P67KC018026KC017943House finchCarpodacus mexicanusPasseriformesFringillidaeOregon (USA)1998CutaneousTissue culture
B1P68KC018027KC017944House finchCarpodacus mexicanusPasseriformesFringillidaeOregon (USA)1998CutaneousTissue culture
B1P69KC018028KC017937House finchCarpodacus mexicanusPasseriformesFringillidaeUtah (USA)2001CutaneousTissue culture
B1P70KC018029KC017940House finchCarpodacus mexicanusPasseriformesFringillidaeArizona (USA)2001CutaneousTissue culture
B1P71KC018030KC017903House finchCarpodacus mexicanusPasseriformesFringillidaeWashington (USA)1988CutaneousTissue culture
B1P72KC018031KC017945American crowCorvus brachyrhynchos,PasseriformesCorvidaeWashington, DC (USA)1999CutaneousTissue culture
B1P73KC018032KC017877House finchCarpodacus mexicanusPasseriformesFringillidaeHawaii (USA)1987CutaneousTissue culture
B1P74KC018033KC017946Medium ground finchGeospiza fortisPasseriformesEmberizidaeGalapagos Islands (Ecuador)2008CutaneousSkin lesion
B1P75KC018034KC017947Galapagos mockingbirdMimus parvulusPasseriformesMimidaeGalapagos Islands (Ecuador)2008CutaneousSkin lesion
B1P76KC018035KC017941Northern (masked) bobwhiteColinus virginianus ridgwayiGalliformesOdontophoridaeArizona (USA)1993Conjunctiva, infraorbital sinusTissue culture
B1P77KC018036KC017950American crowCorvus brachyrhynchosPasseriformesCorvidaeMassachusetts (USA)2008spleenSpleen
B1P78KC018037KC017951Black-billed magpiePica hudsoniaPasseriformesCorvidaeColorado (USA)1997LungLung
B1P79KC018038KC017952Black-hooded siskinCarduelis atrataPasseriformesFringillidaeThe Netherlands2003CutaneousParaffin-embedded tissue
B1P80KC018039KC017930Common ravenCorvus coraxPasseriformesCorvidaeCalifornia (USA)2004CutaneousTissue culture
B1P81KC018040KC017953American crowCorvus brachyrhynchosPasseriformesCorvidaeMaryland (USA)2005CutaneousSkin lesion
B1P82KC018041KC017931Common murreUria aalgeCharadriiformesAlcidaeCalifornia (USA)1980CutaneousSkin lesion
B1P83KC018042KC017948Medium ground finchGeospiza fortisPasseriformesEmberizidaeGalapagos Islands (Ecuador)2008CutaneousSkin lesion
B1P84KC018043KC017949Woodpecker finchCamarhynchus pallidusPasseriformesThraupidaeGalapagos Islands (Ecuador)2008CutaneousSkin lesion
B1P85KC018044KC017956American crowCorvus brachyrhynchosPasseriformesCorvidaePennsylvania (USA)1999CutaneousTissue culture
B1P86KC018045KC017897Northern (hen) harrierCircus cyaneusAccipitriformesAccipitridaeSpain2000CutaneousSkin lesion
B1P87KC018046KC017957Common bullfinchPyrrhula pyrrhulaPasseriformesFringillidaeBelgium2008CutaneousSkin lesion
B1P88KC018047KC017862Great titParus majorPasseriformesParidaeHungary2007CutaneousSkin lesion
B1P89KC018048KC017958Mississippi sandhill craneGrus canadensisGruiformesGruidaeMississippi (USA)1992CutaneousTissue culture
B1P90KC018049KC017916Swainson's thrushCatharus ustulatusPasseriformesTurdidaeWisconsin (USA)1994CutaneousCAM
B1P91KC018050KC017959Gray-crowned rosy finchLeucosticte tephrocotisPasseriformesFringillidaeMontana (USA)1985CutaneousSkin lesion
B1P92KC018051KC017917Humboldt penguinSpheniscus humboldtiSphenisciformesSpheniscidaeWisconsin (USA)2008CutaneousTissue culture
B1P93KC018052KC017878Hawai'i amakihiHemignathus virensPasseriformesFringillidaeHawaii (USA)1987Cutaneous-oral mucosaTissue culture
B1P94KC018053KC017927Dark-eyed juncoJunco hyemalis hyemalisPasseriformesEmberizidaeIllinois (USA)1986CutaneousTissue culture
B1P95KC018054KC017918Canada gooseBranta canadensisAnseriformesAnatidaeWisconsin (USA)1989CutaneousCAM
B1P96KC018055KC017879ElepaioChasiempis sandwichensisPasseriformesMonarchidaeHawaii (USA)1996CutaneousTissue culture
B1P97KC018056KC017880ApapaneHimatione sanguineaPasseriformesFringillidaeHawaii (USA)1996CutaneousTissue culture
B1P98KC018057KC017881ApapaneHimatione sanguineaPasseriformesFringillidaeHawaii (USA)1996CutaneousTissue culture
B1P99KC018058KC017863Golden eagleAquila chrysaetosAccipitriformesAccipitridaeSpain2000CutaneousCAM
B1P100KC018059KC017882ApapaneHimatione sanguineaPasseriformesFringillidaeHawaii (USA)1996CutaneousTissue culture
B1P101KC018060KC017884CanarySerinus canariaPasseriformesFringillidaeChile2008CutaneousCAM
B1P102KC018061KC017921Common grackleQuiscalus quisculaPasseriformesIcteridaeTexas (USA)1993CutaneousTissue culture
B1P103KC018062KC017922Boat-tailed grackleQuiscalus majorPasseriformesIcteridaeTexas (USA)1989CutaneousSkin lesion
B2P104KC018063KC017954European starlingSturnus vulgarisPasseriformesSturnidaeMaryland (USA)1984CutaneousTissue culture
B2P105KC018064KC017919European starlingSturnus vulgarisPasseriformesSturnidaeWisconsin (USA)1985CutaneousSkin lesion
B2P106KC018065KC017955European starlingSturnus vulgarisPasseriformesSturnidaeMaryland (USA)1985CutaneousCAM
B2P107KC018066KC017864Great bustardOtis tardaGruiformesOtidaeHungary2005CutaneousSkin lesion
B2P108KC018067KC017865Common hill mynaGracula religiosaPasseriformesSturnidaeHungaryUnknownCutaneousSkin lesion
B3P109KC018068KC017923American robinTurdus migratoriusPasseriformesTurdidaeTexas (USA)2005CutaneousTissue culture
CP110KC018069KC017925Yellow-crowned amazonAmazona ochrocephalaPsittaciformesPsittacidaeNew York (USA)1980CutaneousTissue culture
CP111AM050383KC017849ParrotUndescribedPsittaciformesPsittacidaeUKUnknownunknownTissue culture
  • a That is, subclades of fowlpox and canarypox clades and the Psittacinepox virus clade in Bayesian analysis of concatenated, 4b, and DNA polymerase gene sequences.

  • b †, Samples collected from captive birds (aviaries, zoos, etc.).