TABLE 1.

Bird species and associated CoVs in the present surveillance study

Bird family nameScientific nameCommon nameNo. of birds testedNo. (%) of birds positive for CoVsCoV
Accipitridae50 (0)
Alcedinidae10 (0)
Anatidae10 (0)
Ardeidae110 (0)
Cacatuidae50 (0)
Chloropseidae10 (0)
Columbidae2530 (0)
Corvidae190 (0)
Cuculidae30 (0)
Emberizidae40 (0)
EstrildidaeLonchura atricapillaChestnut munia100 (0)
Lonchura punctulataScaly-breasted munia351 (2.9)MuCoV HKU13
Lonchura striataWhite-rumped munia821 (1.2)MuCoV HKU13
Fringillidae30 (0)
Hirundinidae10 (0)
Motacillidae50 (0)
Muscicapidae300 (0)
Nectariniidae60 (0)
Passeridae850 (0)
Phalacrocoracidae10 (0)
Phasianidae40 (0)
Phylloscopidae10 (0)
Podicipedidae10 (0)
Psittacidae60 (0)
PycnonotidaeHemixos castanonotusChestnut bulbul190 (0)
Pycnonotus jocosusRed-whiskered bulbul1785 (2.8)BuCoV HKU11
Pycnonotus melanicterusBlack-crested bulbul10 (0)
Pycnonotus sinensisChinese bulbul24210 (4.1)BuCoV HKU11
Rallidae70 (0)
Recurvirostridae40 (0)
Scolopacidae10 (0)
Strigidae10 (0)
Sturnidae150 (0)
Sylviidae10 (0)
Timaliidae140 (0)
TurdidaeMyiophonus caeruleusBlue whistling thrush40 (0)
Monticola solitariusBlue rock thrush20 (0)
Turdus cardisJapanese thrush300 (0)
Turdus hortulorumGray-backed thrush2213 (1.4)ThCoV HKU12
Turdus obscurusEyebrowed thrush10 (0)
Turdus kessleriWhite-backed thrush10 (0)
Turdus merulaBlackbird161 (6.3)ThCoV HKU12
Turdus pallidusPale thrush660 (0)
Zoothera daumaScaly thrush220 (0)
Zosteropidae1220 (0)