TABLE 1

Type of maternal HCMV infection and outcome of congenitally infected infants

OutcomeMaternal infection typeaStudy location (reference[s])
PrimaryNonprimary
Symptomatic congenital infection10 (8/82)23 (7/30)Sweden, U.K. (34, 35)
11 (14/124)11 (19/176)USA (36)
50 (1/2)5 (2/39)Brazil (24)
Total11 (23/208)11 (28/245)
Neurological sequelae6 (5/82)30 (9/30)Sweden, U.K. (34, 35)
38 (3/8)75 (6/8)USA (37)b
Total9 (8/90)39 (15/38)
Hearing loss0 (0/8)29 (2/7)USA (37)
33 (1/3)27 (6/22)Brazil (38)
11 (19/176)10 (13/124)USA (36)
Total11 (20/187)14 (21/153)
  • a Values are percentages (numbers of infants with the specific outcome over the total number of infected infants in the study).

  • b Only infants with symptomatic infections were analyzed in this study.